Welcome to My Best Helsinki - Architecture in Helsinki


BELOW, A FEW DIFFERENT ARCHITECTURAL STYLES IN SOME OF THE OLDER NEIGHBORHOODS IN HELSINKI:
Kruununhaka Senate Square Market Square Töölö Bay Katajanokka Kaartinkaupunki Kluuvi Kamppi Töölö  interesting links 
HELSINKI HAS BEEN NAMED THE WORLD DESIGN CAPITAL 2012

 

For a small and relatively "young" city, Helsinki sure has managed to gather many different styles of architecture within its center. Neo- Classical (Empire style), Neo-Renaissance; everything from Art Nouveau ("Jugend"), which morphed into National Romanticism (National Romantic Style) to Nordic Classicism, Functionalism to Modernism. There is even a stunning example of the Russian-Byzantine style, and a magnificent Neo-Gothic style stone church. Brief history of Helsinki. Helsinki looked

more like a village until the end of the 18th century and its buildings were mostly built of wood. The City suffered several devastating fires in the 17th and 18th centuries and the 1808 fire destroyed a third of Helsinki. Helsinki became the capital of the Finnish Grand Duchy in 1812. A large ebuilding plan was created. In a couple of decades a new Neo-Classical (Empire style) center was erected in the place of the old wooden buildings. - Fastfoward to year 2009 and you will see a city that is one of the fastest changing cities in Europe.

 

HELSINKI'S NEO-CLASSICAL OLD CENTER.  IF YOU CLICK ON THE PHOTOS ON THIS PAGE, MOST OF THEM POP UP  TO A LARGER VIEW.  
Helsinki's old Empire Center. All photos © RC Gelber.  All rights reserved

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KRUUNUNHAKA NEIGHBORHOOD:

THE SENATE SQUARE AREA - THE OLD "EMPIRE CENTER" OF HELSINKI:

NEO-CLASSICAL (EMPIRE STYLE) ARCHITECTURE is well represented in the center of Helsinki, especially in the Senate Square, below, with its three dominant buildings, all designed by Carl Ludwig Engel. From left to right: 1) Helsinki University main building; ( Building Info .) 2) the Lutheran Dome, and 3) the Government Palace - Valtioneuvoston Linna: ( Building Info).   A fantastic link to the arhcheological history of the Government Palace. Helsinki's Senate Square. ALL photos and images & R.C. Gelber 1999 - The statue of Emperor Alexander II  stands in the center of the square. It was erected in 1894 to commemorate his re-establishing the Diet of Finland (the legislative assembly of the Grand Duchy of Finland from 1809 to 1906; in Finnish "Maapäivät", now "Valtiopäivät".) in 1863, and establishing many reforms increasing Finland's autonomy from Russia.

Engel also redesigned the 18th century central government buildings, located on the south side of the Senate Square, to better fit in with the general design of the square. Buildings along Aleksanterinkatu, Helsinki. All photos © RC Gelber.  All rights reserved Click on photo for information about the different buildings surrounding the square

Information about The Government Palace.
In Finnish = Valtioneuvoston Linna (Literal
translation: the Palace of the Council of State).

The City Hall, one block south, on Pohjoisesplanadi, Helsinki Market Square, City Hall, Dome. ALL photos and images © R.C.  Gelber 1999  - 
was also designed by Engel. Built in 1833. second link



 

THE MARKET SQUARE AREA:

Helsinki Dome
View from Sofia Street toward Helsinki's Senate Square, &with the beautiful Helsinki Cathedral as its center piece.
Click on photo for larger view..

Havis Amanda at the Market Square in Helsinki. All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved. Havis Amanda, is a popular meeting spot, among other things. The tourist office is located in the Neo-Classical building behind the statue, right under the clock..

Close to the Senate and Market Squares you can see the Russian-Byzantine
style Uspenski Cathedral, designed by Aleksander M. Gornostajev and built in
1868. It is the largest Eastern Orthodox church in Europe. second link View from Havis Amanda Fountain along North Eplanade toward Katajanokka & Uspenski Cathedral.  - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.

CLICK ON PHOTO FOR A HUGE VIEW WITH INFORMATION ABOUT THE AREA & BUILDINGS: Helsinki Pohjoisesplanadi buildings. Presidential palace far right. - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.
Pink Building left:
Pohjoisesplanadi 9 
Architect: Pehr
Granstedt. Built in
1815  Block:
Elefantti (Elephant)
Swedish Embassy
Built in 1839 
Architect:
A.F. Granstedt
Pohjoisesplanadi 5
Architect:
Pehr Granstedt
Built in 1817
Helenankatu 1 -
Pohjoisesplanadi 3
Block: Leopardi
(Leopard, Panther)
Presidential Palace
Pohjoisesplanadi 1 -
Mariankatu 2
Architect: Carl Ludvig Engel
Built in 1843  
Block: Leopardi
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TÖÖLÖ BAY, LINNUNLAULU NEIGHBORHOOD:

Despite the "modernization" of the center and the new Empire style city plan, outside the very center houses were still built out of wood. Old Linnunlauluntie Villas overlooking Töölö bay.   - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.
The old wooden villas, Villa Kivi and the Blue Villa, overlooking Töölö Bay.

The Linnunlaulu (“Birdsong”, “Fågelsång”) Villa Area lies on the eastern side of Töölönlahti Bay, technically in Kallio Borough. The ornate villas were built mostly between the 1870s and the 1880s. Villa Kivi was designed by architect Selim Lindqvist in 1890. It has been renovated into a home for writers. The café in the Blue Villa has a great view over Töölönlahti Bay.

A VIEW OF THE CENTER OF HELSINKI THAT FOREIGN VISITORS RARELY GET TO SEE. Villa Kivi on left, overlooking the bay and Töölö & the Center: Summer day,Töölö Bay, Helsinki.  All photos © RC Gelber 1999  - All rights reserved

Helsinki's center is quite beautiful and Helsinki is adamant on maintaining its low (literally) profile. This is Töölö Bay, looking toward the center. Behind the fountain, you can see the tower of the National Museum (Kansallismuseo). Immediately to the left of the fountain, is Finlandia House. Designed by Alvar Aalto. A bit more to the left, you might be able to make out the rounded roof of Kiasma, the museum of contemporary art. Next left is the Sanomatalo building.

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KATAJANOKKA NEIGHBORHOOD:



ART NOUVEAU ("Jugend") ARCHITECTURE originated in the 1880s and blossomed in Helsinki. Largely inspired by the national epic "Kalevala" it took a local form called national romanticism. A good example of this style is the National Museum (Kansallismuseo), that was designed by architects Herman Gesellius, Armas Lindgren & Eliel Saarinen. Another example of Art Nouveau ("Jugend") architecture (a later form of this style), is the Helsinki railway station, designed by Eliel Saarinen.

Katajanokka hosts many gorgeous JUGEND (Art Nouveau) buildings: ... and also an impressive Russian-Byzantine style cathedral:

Glorious Art Nouveau Architure in Katajanokka.   - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.

The green building on the right, called "Aeolus" stands on the corner of Satamakatu and Kruunuvuorenkatu. It was built in 1903, the architect was Selim A. Lindqvist. This block is called "Kastanja".

The brown building, "Tallberg", in the center is on the corner of Satamakatu & Luotsikatu. Built in 1898, and designed by architects: Herman Gesellius, Armas Lindgren & Eliel Saarinen. This block is called "Lehtikuusi".

Luotsikatu Jugend, Katajanokka, Helsinki.   - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.

This building, "Norma", was built
in 1904  and designed by architects
von Essen, Kallio & Ikäläinen.  
This block is called "Leppä".

Location: The corner of Luotsikatu &
Katajanokankatu.

 

Uspenski Cathedral, Katajanokka, Helsinki.   - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.

Uspenski Cathedral, designed by A. M. Gornostajev, built in 1868. It is the largest Eastern Orthodox church in Europe.

The building of Uspenski Cathedral.

Link to Museum of Finnish Architecture's
great Art Nouveau photo pages.

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KAARTINKAUPUNKI NEIGHBORHOOD:

A mixture of Art Nouveau, Neo-Classicism & Neo-Reneissance...

Kappeli building from Etelaesplanadi, Helsinki center. - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.
The "Kappeli" building was built in 1867. It was designed by architects Konstantin Kiseleff, Elia Heikel & Axel Hampus Dahlström.
Address: Eteläesplanadi 1. This block is called -surprise- "Esplanadin puisto" (Esplanade Park). Let's turn around and walk deeper
into the neighborhood:


Kasarmintori architecture, Helsinki, summer.  - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.
Kasarmintori is surrounded by buildings that were designed by some of the greatest architects in Helsinki:
C.L. Engel, Herman Gesellius, Armas Lindgren, Eliel Saarinen, Waldemar Aspelin,  G.W. Nyberg & Löppönen.


MUSEUM OF FINNISH ARCHITECTURE Address: Kasarmikatu 24, 00130 Helsinki. Phone: (358) (0)9 8567 5100

Corner of Eteläinen Makasiininkatu and Kasarminkatu, Helsinki.  - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.

-Yellow building to left: architect C.L.Engel. Built: 1822 Eteläinen
Makasiinikatu 8. Block: Kaartin kasarmi. 

-Light colored building, right: architect Selim A. Lindqvist. Built: 1909,
Building name:"Sähkölaitos" Kasarmikatu 30-32, block: Sampi

The RIKHARDINKATU LIBRARY.
Built in 1881, it was the first building that was designed specifically to be
a library. The library was designed by architect Carl Theodor Höijer, who's Neo-Renaissancebuildings are still an integral part of Helsinki's city image.
Rikhardinkatu library, Helsinki.  - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.
In the 1920's, with the help of architect Runar Eklund, another floor a new
stairwell were added. Along the years more changes were made and the
building lost a large part of its original image.

See photos and information about this library.  
Another link w some old photos of the library

Jugend on Korkeavuorenkatu.  - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.
Building name: "Puhelinlaitos"
Korkeavuorenkatu 35. Architect: Lars Sonck.
Built: 1905. Block name: Sampi.
Click image for larger photo:

 

 - Korkeavuorenkatu, Helsinki. All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.
Green building name: "Kastén". Korkeavuorenkatu 31-33.
Architect: Emil Svensson, Emil Holm. Built: 1907, Block: Sampi
Click image for larger photo.

Sampi_Helsinki. - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.
Click image for larger photo:

"Firehouse", at Korkeavuorenkatu 26. Architect: Theodor Höijer.
Built in 1891. Block: Miekkakala (swordfish).
Erottaja Firehouse, Kasarminkatu, Helsinki. - All photos © RC Gelber. All rights reserved.
This building is basically across the street from the grey 
Neo-Romantic stone castle; "Puhelinlaitos", shown above.

The grey building, "Neodomus", second from right, at Korkeavuorenkatu
29, was built in: 1907. Architect: Gunnar Stenius. Block name: Sampi.
Corner of Korkeavurenkatu - Pieni Roobertinkatu, Helsinki
The building on far right, on the corner of  Korkeavuorenkatu & Pieni
Roobertinkatu (at Pieni Roobertinkatu 5),  was built in 1906.
Architect not known.
The Spennert building -Spennertin talo, Helsinki

"Spennertin talo" (Spennert building)
Erottajankatu 1-3 / Pieni Roobertinkatu 13.
Architect: August Nordberg
Built in 189. 
Block: Miekkakala (Swordfish)

For more Kaartinkaupunki, further down this page.
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TÖÖLÖ NEIGHBORHOOD:

Finlandia House, in Töölö. Photo © Annu Lilja.  All Rights Reserved.
Finlandia House, in Töölö. Architect Alvar Aalto.

Finlandia House. - Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved. A small part of Töölö neighborhood. Early morning by Töölö Bay: fountain & Finlandia house

Finlandia House. - Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved. Large, brown building, far left: The Parliament building (1931), designed by architect Johan Sigfrid Sirén. Finlandia House in front, and the tower of the National Museum rises behind it. (see information, below.)

Functionalism in architecture (and art), was developed in the early 1900's. It is associated with the modernist movement that originated in the second quarter of the 1900's.

Good examples of Functionalism in Helsinki, are the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (1952 Olympics) and Lasipalatsi (the "Glass Palace") on Mannerheimintie, one block up from the Railway Station.

Famous examples of early modernism in Helsinki are the Finlandia House (architect: Alvar Aalto) and the "Rock Church" (Temppeliaukion kirkko), (architects: Timo & Tuomo Suomalainen). Great second link.

Alvar Aalto Museum.

Academic Bookshop, designed by Aalto

Finlandia House by Töölö Bay in Helsinki. Architect: Alvar Aalto.
The White Finlandia House, located between Töölö Bay & Mannerheimintie.
Click for large view with building names.

HELSINKI  OPERA HOUSE by Töölö Bay. Opera House Helsinki - Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.
Architects: Eero Hyvämäki, Jukka Karhunen & Risto Parkkinen. Built in 1993
FINLANDIA HOUSE, different angles: Finlandia house - Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.
Reflection on the wall Finlandia House Helsinki. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.
of Finlandia house. Finlandia House Marble reflection. - Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.

Finlandia House Helsinki Alvar Aalto. - Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved. The Finlandia House, behind the trees, is in a parklike setting, between Mannerheimintie -street, a small park and the Töölö Bay. This droplet shaped pond is part of an art installation. This whole area is very popular with joggers, especially the ones that live in Töölö.

Helsinki National Museum. Photo © Annu Lilja. All rights reserved ART NOUVEAU ("Jugend") architecture originated in the 1880s and blossomed in Helsinki. Largely inspired by the national epic "Kalevala" the style took a local form called National Romanticism. The National Museum (Kansallismuseo), designed by architects Herman Gesellius, Armas Lindgren & Eliel Saarinen, is a good example of National Romanticism. second link

Helsinki_National_Museum_tower. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.
The National Museum, built in the National
Romantic style.

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KLUUVI NEIGHBORHOOD:

KIASMA,the Museum for contemporary art, at right, is one of the recent modernist creations in Helsinki. Also, the glass structure of “Sanomatalo”- house (at left) and the “High Tech Center” in Ruoholahti (not pictured here), are new modernist additions to Helsinki’s architectural landscape. Center: Helsinki's main post office building. Kiasma museum of Contemporary art. Helsinki main post office. Sanomatalo bulding.  - Photo © Annu Lilja & © R.C. Gelber. All Rights Reserved.

Kluuvi, as seen from Töölö Bay.
Click on photo for a larger view: Töölö Bay and buildings on its south side.

LEFT: Kiasma was designed by the American architect Stpehen Holl. Built: 1996-.
Sanomatalo was designed by architect Anti- Matti Siikala. Built:1999.
Sanomatalo is a business building that also houses exhibition spaces, some stores and a restaurant & café which is a popular meeting spot. Several news magazines have their offices in the building.

The Helsinki Railway Station and it's surroundings, also in "Kluuvi":

A later form of Art Nouveau ("Jugend") architecture: Helsinki Railway Station, designed by Eliel Saarinen. and built 1914. Located at Kaivokatu 1, in Kluuvi neighborhood. This block is called -surpirse!- "Rautatieasema" (Railway Station )

Helsinki train station. Architect: Eliel Saarinen. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights reserved.
Helsinki railway station, view toward Kaisaniemi. architect: Eliel Saarinen. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights reserved.
Helsinki railway station detail, architect: Eliel Saarinen. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights reserved.
Helsinki train station. Architect: Eliel Saarinen. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights reserved.

Helsinki_railway_station_statue_detail , architect: Eliel Saarinen. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.

 

Helsinki_railway_station_arch , architect: Eliel Saarinen. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.

 

Helsinki_railway_station_side_entrance , architect: Eliel Saarinen. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.

 

Looking East, toward Kaisaniemi neighborhood from the Railway Station:

Helsinki railway station, view toward Kaisaniemi. Architect: Eliel Saarinen. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.
Helsinki railway station , architect: Eliel Saarinen. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.
Ateneum - Art Museum. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved. Building on right: Ateneum Art Museum.
Helsinki_Ateneum Art Museum_and the WTC building. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved. Ateneum and the Helsinki WTC.
The Helsinki Government Palace, peeking out between the Helsinki Cathedral pillars. Government_Palace_btw_Dome_pillars. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.
Helsinki railway station plattform with its new glass & metal cover structure. Railway_Station_Glass_structures. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.
The National Theater building, as seen from the side entry steps to the Helsinki Railway Station. National_Theater_Building_Helsinki. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.
View over Helsinki center toward North Harbor and Uspenski Cathedral. Stockmann in foreground. Torni View over Helsinki Center -to North Harbor Tug Boats & Uspenski Cathedral. Photo © Annu Lilja. All Rights Reserved.


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KLUUVI NEIGHBORHOOD continued: Mannerheimintie - Mannerheim Street & the Esplanade area:

 

The very center, on Mannerheimintie: Far left you can sort of see the tower of the National Museum (Kansallismuseo). The next four images, below, show the real order of all the shown buildings along the very beginnig of Mannerheimintie (Mannerheim Street) - Mannerheimvägen.

The Old Student House (low yellow building) was designed by architect Axel Hampus Dahlström and built in 1870. The New Student House (w. green Old & New Student house, Helsinki center. ALL photos and images © R.C. Gelber. All Rights Reserved. cupola) was designed by architects Armas Lindgren & Wivi Lönn, and built in 1910. Far right, corner of Stockmann. Dark building w. flags: Sokos & Vaakuna Hotel. The block is named "Soopeli" and we are in Kluuvi neighborhood. 

Stockmann - the Argos building was built in 1897 and designed by architects: Grahn, Hedman & Wasastjerna & John Settergren. We are still in Helsinki, Stockmann - Argos building. ALL photos and images © R.C. Gelber. All Rights Reserved. Kluuvi neighborhood and this block is called "Gaselli".

 

Back to KAARTINKAUPUNKI NEIGHBORHOOD:

The Swedish Theater. ALL photos and images © R.C. Gelber. All Rights Reserved.
The Swedish Theater was built in 1866 & designed by architects: Jarl Eklund, Nikolai Leontievitj Benois, Eero Saarinen. We have crossed over to Kaartinkaupunki neighborhood. This block is called -you guessed it- "The Swedish Theater".
the corner of Eteläesplanadi and Erottaja.  ALL photos and images © R.C. Gelber. All Rights Reserved.
Corner of Eteläesplanadi & Erottajankatu. It is also the beginning of Mannerheimintie (Mannerheim
Street), which begins by the traffic light. This colorful corner building was designed by architect: Theodor Höijer and was built in 1892. The block is called "Hauki" (Pike). The neighborhood is "Kaartinkaupunki".
Helsinki center, North Esplanade and Fabianinkatu corner Center of Helsinki,
North Esplanade
View along North Esplanade, looking toward Mannerheimintie (Mannerheim
Street).

Location: corner of  Pohjoisesplanadi 25-27 (North Esplanade) and Fabianinkatu 12 (Fabian Street).
This Neo-Renaissance building, called the "Grönqvistin buuilding", was built in 1882 and designed by architect Theodor Höijer. The decorative facade was designed by sculptor Karl Magnus von Wright.

The Esplanade Park, which spans from Mannerheimintie Street all the way to the South Harbor Market Square, lies between the North Esplanade and the South Esplanade.

This block is called "Unicorn"
("Yksisarvinen", Swe: "Enhörningen).

The neighborhood is called "Kluuvi".
Click on image for a much larger view.
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KAMPPI NEIGHBORHOOD: 

The Old Church Park, framed by buildings on Lönnrotinkatu, Yrjönkatu & Bulevardi streets. CLICK on PHOTO. Below, the architects that designed these buildings: Helsinki's Old Church Park & buildings surrounding it. ALL photos and images © R.C. Gelber. All Rights Reserved.
Carl Ludwig Engel (Old Church), Armas Lindgren, Flor Granholm, Unknown (at least to us), Sigurd Forsterus, Theodor Granstedt & Sebastian Gripenberg. The pretty building that belongs between the two photos, can be seen in the center photo below (far right in photo): it was designed by architect Waldemar Aspelin.

Helsinki's Old Church - Vanha Kirkko. ALL photos and images © R.C.Gelber. All Rights Reserved.
Yrjönkatu, next to the Old Church Park. ALL photos and images © R.C. Gelber. All Rights Reserved.
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Again, Helsinki's KAARTINKAUPUNKI NEIGHBORHOOD, bordering the South Harbor:

The 1st building on the left was built in 1887; architect Sebastian Gripenberg. 2nd building was built in 1897, architect: Waldemar Aspelin. 3rd building: built in 1904, Architect: Mauritz Gripenberg. These are all located on Eteläranta -street. Block: "Lahna".
View to Eteläranta, South Harbor, Dome & Uspenski Cathedral. Summer Helsinki.
At the end of Eteläranta, right ahead, you have three landmarks: The yellow-red Vanha Kauppahalli (Old Market Hall),built in 1889, architect: Gustaf Nyström; The City Hall (Kaupungintalo), built in 1833, architect: Carl Ludvig Engel & and the Lutheran Cathedral (The Dome), built: 1849, architect: Carl Ludwig Engel. Down the street, next to the Old Market Hall: Palace Hotel. Eteläranta 10 / Makasiinikatu 1. Built: 1952, architect: Viljo Revell. Block: Makasiinit. Kaartinkaupunki neighborhood.

Far left, in KATAJANOKKA NEIGHBORHOOD, the Uspenski Cathedral, built 1868, architect: Aleksei M. Gornostajev. The white building in front of the Cathedral is the 1962 "Enso-Gutzeit headquarters building", designed by architect: Alvar Aalto. Unfortunately the Enso-Gutzeit building replaced the beautiful Norrmén House. Architect: Theodor Höijer, Built in 1897. Link to historic images of the Norrmen House, which was demolished to make way for the Enso building.

Old gives way to the new... even in quaint Helsinki.

These are the ruins of the old, historic Makasiini-buildings. They were protected, they burned down... noo, "not at all" suspicious ... (in our humble opinion).
The ruins of the historic Makasiini buildings. ALL photos © Annu Lilja & © R.C. Gelber. All Rights Reserved.
From right: Corner of Sanomatalo. A "triplet" of a modern office & hotel building. Tier of the Dome. Cupola of the historic Railway Station. Ruins of Makasiinit.

 

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Wow! A STUNNING LINK (by Helsingin Sanomat) to a 360 panoramic view of the center of Helsinki. Click on the red circles on the photos to get info and history and click on the arrows to change the view. Sorry, in Finnish only, but you will get the place names and the architects at least.


MUSEUM OF FINNISH ARCHITECTURE
Address: Kasarmikatu 24, 00130 Helsinki. Phone: (358) (0)9 8567 5100

ARCHITECTURAL ATTRACTIONS in HELSINKI

MUSEUM of CULTURES HELSINKI

ASK THE MUSEUM - interesting questions about Helsinki

 

ANOTHER FABULOUS LINK that allows you to see the center of Helsinki building by building, with good information.

In Finnish only: Historic articles about some Helsinki blocks.

Virtual reality link to historic Helsinki.

 

Side by side
"THEN & NOW" PHOTOS of Helsinki

Famous Finnish Architects (and some foreign ones, too)

SAFA: Finnish Association of Architects.

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My Best Helsinki: 15 pages of Helsinki photos, numerous links to Helsinki sights, restaurants, hotels, shopping, culture, transportation, etc:




WE APOLOGIZE FOR THE LARGE WATERMARKS ON OUR PHOTOS, BUT UNFORTUNATELY OUR PHOTOS HAVE BEEN STOLEN A LOT, ESPECIALLY THE "HELSINKI SOPHIA STREET DOME"- PHOTO ON TOP OF OUR INDEX PAGE. KINDLY REMEMBER: